The art of Egyptian mummification involved many steps. First, the body was washed and purified. The next step was to remove the deceased person's organs. A slit was cut into the left side of the body so that the embalmers could remove the intestines, the liver, the stomach and the lungs. Each of these organs was embalmed using natron, which served to dry out the organs and discourage bacteria from decaying the tissues.The organs were then individually wrapped using long strips of linen and placed in jars. After that the body was placed on a slanting embalming table and completely covered with natron.

This allowed fluids to drip away as the body slowly dried out. This part took about forty days, after that the natron was removed, inside and out, to reveal a dried, shrunken body. After another cleaning, the body was rubbed with unguents to aid in preserving the mummy's skin. The head and body cavity were stuffed with packing.external image ginger-mummy.jpg

What are mummies? - A mummy is a body of a person (or animal) that has been preserved for many years.
Who were the mummies? - They were any Egyptian who could afford the expensive process of preserving their body for the afterlife.
Why did they make mummies? - They believed that they would come back in the afterlife.
What is the afterlife? - The Egyptians believed that when they died, they would make a journey to another world where they would lead a new life. They would need all the things they had used when they were alive, so their families would put those things in their graves. Egyptians paid vast amounts of money to have their bodies properly preserved. Egyptians who were poor were buried in the sand whilst the rich ones were buried in a tomb.
What is natron? - Natron is a natural salt, composed of sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate with traces of sodium chloride and sodium sulfate.